1. 除了常規癌症治療方案,給予真菌β-葡聚醣(Beta Glucan) (註:包含香菇多醣(Lentinan)和裂褶菌多醣(Schizophyllan))靜脈內或肌內注射似乎延長癌症患者的存活時間。在人們服用香菇多醣1-2毫克每週一次或兩次至少1年,可增加末期(III期或IV)不能手術切除的腫瘤病人生存時間達6-9個月(7266)。

2. 給予裂褶菌多醣20-40毫克每週一次或兩次至少1年,顯著提高患有子宮頸癌和頭頸部腫瘤患者4 – 5年生存率(7261,7263,7264)。

參考文獻:

1. Matsuoka H, Seo Y, Wakasugi H, et al. Lentinan potentiates immunity and prolongs the survival time of some patients. Anticancer Res 1997;17:2751-5. (7266)
2. Okamura K, Suzuki M, Chihara T, et al. Clinical evaluation of schizophyllan combined with irradiation in patients with cervical cancer. A randomized controlled study. Cancer 1986;58:865-72. (7261)
3. Kimura Y, Tojima H, Fukase S, Takeda K. Clinical evaluation of sizofilan as assistant immunotherapy in treatment of head and neck cancer. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl 1994;511:192-5. (7263)
4. Miyazaki K, Mizutani H, Katabuchi H, et al. Activated (HLA-DR+) T-lymphocyte subsets in cervical carcinoma and effects of radiotherapy and immunotherapy with sizofiran on cell-mediated immunity and survival. Gynecol Oncol 1995;56:412-40. (7264)

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